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Chandrasekar limits

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The Chandrasekhar limit (named after the mathematician Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar) is the maximum possible mass that a white dwarf star can attain. When this star runs out of all its nuclear fuel, gravity begins to collapse it. If it has a mass less than the Chandrasekhar limit, it will reach a point where the degeneracy pressure will stop the gravitational collapse and the star will become a white dwarf. If instead it has too much greater than 1.44 solar masses, then gravity will overcome the degeneracy pressure and not stop it from collapsing further. So instead of a white dwarf, it will blow up and end up as a neutron star, a black hole, or (hypothetically) a quark star.

This work addresses the limits of the formation of the universe through science and Hindu creation myths. The work delves into the conception of the Chandrasekhar limit that predicts that the stellar mass of a white dwarf can trigger a singularity. The work generated from the sound obtained by the KOBE radio telescope, shows the visualization of the sound of the microwave radiation background, inside an (acoustic bathtub that contains a fluid) that generates a visual pattern on the surface of a fluid that becomes visible by light.

The microwave background radiation is a prediction of the Big Bang model that posits that the early universe was a plasma made up of electrons, photons, protons, and neutrons. That is, we can determine that the interior of a black hole and the origin of the big bang have the same conditions. Therefore, through the Chandrasekhar limit we can approach this idea of the formation of the universe from the scientific perspective from the relationship between what science tells us and the oral tradition of the Hindu creation myths.


“The supreme being in the form of water gathered and stored within himself an incandescent energy. His boundless strength once again gave birth to the universe. He, who is the universal, made visible the form of the universe in its five elements, Ether, Air, Fire, Water and Earth. Calm reigned over the unfathomable and subtle ocean. Vishnu, after entering the water, cautiously stirred it. The waves spread. As they followed each other, a tiny depression formed between them. This void is the Ether, invisible and intangible, the most subtle of the five elements and bearer of the invisible and intangible sensory quality of sound. Space resounded and from the sound emerged the second element, Air in the form of wind.


   (Zimmer, 1995, 58)

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